General Assembly Security Council

UNSC Open Debate

Situation in the Middle East

25 April 2024



Statement by Ambassador Ruchira Kamboj


Mr. President,



I thank you for convening this high-level Open Debate on the situation in the Middle East.



2.  The conflict in Gaza has been going on for over six months, and the humanitarian crisis it has triggered has been increasing. There is also the potential for growing instability in the region and beyond. In this context, we view the UNSC’s adoption of resolution 2728 last month as a positive step.




Mr. President,



3.  India’s position on the conflict has been clearly articulated on more than one occasion by our leadership:



4.  One, the ongoing conflict between Israel and Hamas has led to a large scale loss of civilian lives, especially women and children. The resulting humanitarian crisis is simply unacceptable.



5.  We have strongly condemned the deaths of civilians in the conflict. International law and international humanitarian law must be respected by everyone under all circumstances.




6.  Two, the terror attacks in Israel on 7 October were shocking, and they deserve our unequivocal condemnation. There can be no justification for terrorism and hostage taking. India has a longstanding and uncompromising position against terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, and we demand the immediate and unconditional release of all hostages.




7.  Three, the humanitarian situation in Gaza is dire. It is imperative that humanitarian aid to the people of Gaza be scaled up immediately in order to avert a further deterioration in the situation. We urge all parties to come together in this endeavour. We welcome the efforts of the UN and the international community in this regard. India has provided humanitarian aid to the people of Palestine and will continue to do so. We note the recent facilitation of greater flow of humanitarian aid into Gaza by the Israeli authorities.




8.  Four, my leadership has repeatedly emphasized that only a Two-State solution, achieved through direct and meaningful negotiations between both sides on final status issues, will deliver an enduring peace. India is committed to supporting a Two-State solution where the Palestinian people are able to live freely in an independent country within secure borders, with due regard to the security needs of Israel. To arrive at a lasting solution, we urge all parties to foster conditions conducive to resuming direct peace negotiations at an early date.




9.  We note that Palestine’s application for membership at the UN was not approved by the Security Council. In keeping with our longstanding position, we hope that this would be reconsidered in due course, and that Palestine’s endeavour to become a member of the UN will get endorsed.



I thank you.