General Assembly Security Council

UNSC briefing on the activities of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

 

INDIA STATEMENT

By

Ambassador K. Nagaraj Naidu

Deputy Permanent Representative

 

10 March 2021

 

Thank you, Madam President

 

At the outset, let me begin by welcoming H. E. Ms. Ann Linde, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sweden to the Security Council. I also thank her for her comprehensive briefing on the activities of the OSCE and its priorities.

 

2. The role of regional and sub-regional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as their cooperation with the United Nations is provided in the Chapter VIII of the Charter. We welcome the briefing by the OSCE’s Chairman-in-office.

 

3. The adoption of the Helsinki Final Act and the creation of the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) at the height of the Cold War have demonstrated that dialogue and cooperation are possible even in times of the most serious confrontation.

 

4. The CSCE transformed into the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Today, the OSCE, with its 57 participating members from three continents, including countries from the extended neighborhood, respecting the principles of comprehensiveness and indivisibility of security, allegiance to shared values and commitment to upholding norms of behaviour has been playing a significant role in the promotion of international peace and security and empowering its membership to build a better and more secure future.

 

Madam President,

 

5. Peace and security are essential prerequisites for the growth and development of humanity. We all have a collective responsibility towards prevention of conflict and creating conditions for sustaining peace and ensuring security. Today, the international order is facing multiple challenges to peace and security. The parochial policies of certain states and their perceived notion of existential threats have contributed to insecurity in many regions. Purely bilateral issues are being brought to regional and international forums thereby diminishing the chances for direct and mutual dialogue.

 

6. The challenges confronting the OSCE community come from different sources. They include not only potential challenges to sovereignty, but threats to peace from ethnic tensions and violent separatism within States. The OSCE, as the largest regional security organization, is also addressing some of the toughest transnational threats that its membership faces, such as weapons proliferation, terrorism, cyber security, migration, environmental damage and drug trafficking. Despite these challenges, the OSCE has broken new ground in developing effective tools for conflict prevention, peacebuilding, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation to address these risks and threats to security.

 

7. We believe that the bilateral agreements negotiated between the parties concerned provide the basis for a negotiated and peaceful resolution of disputes. The commitment to upholding a rules-based international order, underpinned by respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty, rule of law, transparency, freedom of navigation in the international seas and peaceful resolution of disputes remains critical and relevant as well.

 

Madam President,

 

8. We support active engagement between the UN and OSCE based on the Framework for Cooperation and Coordination signed in 1993 and in line with the Charter of the UN.

 

9. While noting the ongoing global counter terrorism efforts and contribution of OSCE, we would like to take this opportunity to reiterate the importance of this issue. It is evident from recent lone wolf attacks in many parts of Europe that terrorists have significantly enhanced their capabilities.  We need to ensure that our collective resolve to fight terrorism is not weakened.

 

10. OSCE was among the first regional organizations to strongly condemn the terrorist attack on the Indian Parliament in 2001. We believe that OSCE has an important role to play in our continued fight against terrorism and other new and emerging threats. In this context, I would like the Council to take note of the eight-point action plan on counter-terrorism proposed by India’s External Affairs Minister on 11 January while addressing this august Council, which also merits serious consideration of the OSCE.

 

11. Lastly, Madam President, OSCE and its contribution to the rules- based international order and multilateralism are immense. With the current pandemic putting a severe strain on societies all over the world, Sweden will take on the OSCE Chair in truly challenging times. We welcome Sweden’s strong focus to further the agenda for women, peace and security during its Chairship. We believe that the inclusion and meaningful participation of women is vital for the successful prevention and mitigation of conflicts, as well as for consolidating peace. We also appreciate Sweden’s strong emphasis on dialogue, inclusion and respect for agreed principles to approach the challenges that we face today. My delegation would like join all other members of the Council to extend our good wishes to Sweden’s Chairship of the OSCE.

 

I thank you Madam President

 

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