General Assembly General Assembly

Second Session of the Preparatory Committee for the Third UN Conference on Landlocked Developing Countries, 3-5 June 2024 (CR-2)


High Representative for LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS,



My delegation aligns itself with the statement delivered by Uganda on behalf of the G77 and wishes to add the following in national capacity.


On account of the ravages of the COVID-19 pandemic and geopolitical conflicts, the last half of the implementation period of the Vienna Programme of Action saw the reversal of socioeconomic gains that had been achieved by landlocked developing countries. This period was marred by global supply chain disruptions and increased prices for food, fuel, and fertilizers which further compounded the trade and logistics costs for the LLDCs.


Longer-term issues such as trade and transit bottlenecks, unsustainable debt, and natural resource dependency have been major challenges for LLDCs. As a transit country, India is sensitive to these challenges faced by the LLDCs and prioritises effective cooperation between LLDCs and transit countries, particularly on transit and trade facilitation which are critical steps toward making transport and commerce efficient and effective, all of which are critical action points identified in the very detailed plan of action that we will adopt during this PrepCom.


India is also undertaking extensive cooperation with LLDCs in the context of its development partnership programme and through the India-UN Development Partnership Fund. In the landlocked countries of Africa, for example, we are involved in projects which directly contribute to enhancing the quality of life of the people –from power projects and IT related projects to major infrastructure and water projects.


Closer home, the Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) initiative to strengthen economic cooperation and transport connectivity is geared to assist landlocked Nepal and Bhutan, and give BBIN countries greater access to global supply chains. Cooperation under BBIN is also being discussed in the areas of power, water resources management, inland water ways and rail connectivity.




As a co-chair of the revitalised Group of Friends for the LLDCs, India looks forward to contributing further to the organisation of the LLDC3 Conference later this year. I am pleased to inform you that India has has contributed USD 300 thousand towards the Conference and look forward to participating at the highest possible level. I thank you.